Power steering fluid reservoir

Power steering fluid reservoir: Power steering may seem like a luxury you could live without, but if you have it and it fails, you could be putting yourself in danger. Usually, a power steering fluid leak can be the cause of the failure. Fortunately, it’s easy to check the fluid, whether the car is hot or cold.

Advantages of power steering

Traditional power steering works through a series of hydraulic mechanisms and is designed to make steering and parking much easier. In fact, a car designed to have power steering can bevery difficult to manage without it. If it goes suddenly, you could lose control of the vehicle and end up in a very bad place. Pay attention to symptoms of power steering problems to avoid serious problems with the car.

When to check your levels

Typically, your mechanic will check the power steering fluid at the time of tune-up or whenchange your oil, but you can also do it yourself, especially if you experience any symptoms of impending failure. It only takes about five minutes, and while it’s best to check your power steering fluid when the engine is cold, some cars have markings to check it hot or cold. Consult your manual to find out what is best for your vehicle.

Location of your deposit

The reservoir that contains the power steering fluid is located under the hood. It’s usually located on the passenger side of the vehicle, where the belts are on a smaller or transverse-mounted engine, but you’ll sometimes find the reservoir on the driver’s side as well. In either case, the word “Address” will probably be etched across the top. Most cars these days have a sturdy plastic reservoir, which allows you to easily check the fluid level without opening the container. Wipe it to see the marks clearly, and then check the level.

If your vehicle’s tank is too opaque to see through, you will need to remove the cap to check the level. Before opening it, and this also applies to clear tanks, take a rag and wipe down the lid and the area around it. Dirt can really irritate the system. The cap will have a built-in dipstick. Clean the dipstick, screw the cap on, then remove the cap and check the level.

Adding power steering fluid

If you’ve checked your power steering fluid level and found it’s low, it’s time to add some. You should also look around the reservoir and pump to make sure you don’t have a power steering. fluid leak. If there are no signs of leakage, remove the cap and use a clean rag to wipe the inside and outside of the cap and opening. Again, you don’t want dirt or other types of grime getting into the tank.

Once you are sure the opening is free of debris, slowly begin to fill the reservoir. It will rise quickly as the system retains very little fluid. Fill it up to the MAX or FULL mark that corresponds to the engine temperature (hot or cold).

Be sure to replace the cap and tighten it before you hit the road.

Power steering replacement and repair cost (for 4 common parts)

In the old days, driving a vehicle required drivers to have strong arms and a strong upper body. If they hadn’t, it would have been very difficult for them to lead.


Fortunately, power steering was invented to give any driver the ability to steer their vehicle and turn without much effort. The power steering system involves the use of power steering fluid, hoses, a rack and pinion, and a power steering pump.

Symptoms of Leaks in the Power Steering System

The first thing you may notice when this happens is an unusual stain on your driveway or garage floor. But the actual symptoms will be noticeable when you are driving your vehicle on the highway.

Once the power steering fluid begins to leak, the steering wheel will be difficult to turn meaning the driver will have to use more upper body force to turn the steering wheel.

Drivers may also begin to hear whining or growling noises when they spin the wheel. At this point, you need to make sure that the power steering fluid reservoir is full and fill it up if necessary. You will then want to either troubleshoot the cause of the power steering leak or take it to a mechanic to have it fixed.

Average Costs to Repair Leaks in the Power Steering System

There are 6 main components of a hydraulic power steering system. They include:

  1. Power steering pump assembly
  2. Power Steering Reserve Deposit
  3. High pressure hydraulic hose
  4. Power steering fluid return hose
  5. Steering rack and pinion assembly
  6. power steering fluid

Because of this, there are many possible areas for a leak to occur. The leak could be from the pump, reserve tank, high pressure hose, return hose, or rack and pinion assembly.

To find out what area the leak is coming from, you can get under your vehicle to try to pinpoint the area of ​​the leak or just have a professional find the leak. Below are the estimated costs to repair or replace the leaking area of ​​your power steering system.

Power Steering Pump Repair Cost

The average cost to repair a power steering pump ranges from $200 to $350.

Replacing the power steering pump with a new part will cost between $400 and $800 (depending on the car model and the shop you take it to).

Power Steering Reservoir Tank Replacement Cost

A power steering reservoir tank leak commonly comes from the cap and hose connector. But sometimes, a clogged reserve tank filter can cause a spill or noise, especially when spinning.

The average cost to replace a power steering reservoir tank ranges from $150 to $250, depending on the vehicle and how difficult it is to access the reservoir.

Power Steering Hose Replacement Cost

Power steering hoses are typically made of rubber and carry power steering fluid to the rack and pinion of the power steering system. Unfortunately, these rubber hoses tend to crack after a while, causing the fluid they carry to leak.

The actual repair job will likely be to replace the power steering high pressure hose or power steering return hose due to the crack in it that is leaking fluid.

The cost to replace new hoses will probably run anywhere from $100 to $300 a piece, depending on the make and model of your vehicle. Labor costs for replacement will be between $80 and $160.

Labor costs depend on the hourly labor rate charged by the mechanic. Most mechanics charge between $80 and $120 per hour and the power steering hose replacement service should take about an hour. Therefore, the replacement cost will be between $180 and $460.

Power Steering Hose Repair Cost

If you want a cheaper, more temporary alternative to replacing your hose, or if you’re out of town and need an emergency repair, you can fix the hose yourself. All you need is to find a local auto parts store and purchase a male to male brass coupler, 2 hose clamps, and something to cut the hose off.

Find the part of the hose that is leaking and cut off the section that is damaged. Insert the coupler into each hose where you cut the bad hose and tighten each side with a hose clamp.

This temporary fix should cost you less than $10 and get you back on the road. Eventually you will want to completely replace the hose as its condition has deteriorated enough that it is likely to develop other leaks.

Power Steering Rack And Pinion Repair Cost

The average cost to repair a leak in a rack and pinion assembly will most likely fall between $500 and $1,200. This is much more expensive than other parts of the power steering system, as you need to completely overhaul the steering rack and pinion.

This consists of replacing all the o-rings and replacing all the oil seals inside the steering rack, and also including a front wheel alignment.

Most of the time it will be better to replace the rack and pinion and the price difference is pretty similar.

How often should I change the power steering fluid?

Power steering fluid is often one of the most overlooked fluids in a vehicle. Everyone knows they need to change their oil. They even know to add more wiper fluid (although often not until they hit the button or turn the level down only to reveal it’s off and have to listen to the beautiful sound of their wipers rubbing dry on the windshield) when to change the power steering. liquid. Of course, everyone knows about gasoline and how to replace that. However, power steering fluid tends to be the forgotten component of vehicle maintenance for whatever reason.

How often should you change your power steering fluid?

Answering the question of “when to change your power steering fluid” is less simple than gasoline or oil. Some sources will tell you to change your power steering fluid every 75,000 to 100,000 miles, while others simply say it should be changed every two years. The reality is that there is no real definitive answer, and even car manufacturers vary in their opinions.

The best advice that could be given would be to meet somewhere in the middle.Either every two years or every 75,000 miles (whichever comes first!), you should change your power steering fluid.

Why is it important to change the power steering fluid?

Changing your power steering fluid is incredibly important because of how power steering pumps work. Power steering fluid pumps are hydraulic pumps that generate over sixteen hundred pounds of pressure. With years of use, power steering fluid gets dirty on the road. Dirty fluids create much more friction and become abrasive. Dirty fluids can even ruin pump seals or frame seals, which can be incredibly expensive to replace.

What about modern cars?

Some modern vehicles do not use hydraulic pumps to control the power steering. Instead, they have an electric power steering assist, which uses an electric motor to control the power steering. This means they don’t use power steering fluid and all of this is unnecessary with them.


The process is so simple that most people could even do it themselves. However, why mess with something you don’t need? Having it done professionally and perfectly is affordable and available right in your area.

Experts Explain Power Steering Pump Sounds

In order for the power steering fluid to do its job properly, a pump provides pressure for the hydraulic system. If there is a problem, the pump itself can produce a very loud and distinctive sound. It’s usually some kind of whining sound that changes in pitch depending on the speed of the car. This irritating sound provides a signal of impending power steering pump failure.

There are a few reasons why pumps start making that sound. Today our ASE Certified Technicians at Christian Brothers Automotive Granbury gave us an explanation of the various causes associated with pump problems and how they can be addressed at their Granbury repair center.


The main reasons for sounds coming from the power steering pump are due to low power steering fluid levels. Many drivers forget to check their power steering fluid level or fluid quality. Many of them have been surprised by the loss of fluid. Most modern power steering systems don’t need a lot of fluid and therefore don’t contain much. So even a small leak will probably affect the capabilities of your power steering system very quickly.


A pump that is not working properly is another cause of noise that is often associated with the power steering system. Trouble driving the car and leaking power steering fluid near the pulley are signs of malfunctioning pumps. If your car has symptoms of power steering problems, you need to replace the pump before it fails while driving.


When the pump impeller begins to develop air bubbles, it can cause unwanted noise and vibration. It is difficult to diagnose air bubbles that have become trapped in the pump. Flushing the power steering fluid is recommended to drain the fluid and remove any air bubbles from the tank.

As power steering pumps age, some can also become noisy. Different types of power steering fluids are designed for different types of systems. Often using a different type of power steering fluid will help reduce some of the noise.


At Christian Brothers Automotive Granbury, we help our customers stay on top of any routine maintenance needed, like checking and replacing power steering fluid. These small routine services can keep your car from needing power steering repairs. Our work is backed by our 2-year/24,000-mile Nice Difference warranty. If any issues or questions arise regarding your vehicle’s power steering system, don’t hesitate to ask. You can call us in Granbury, TX and we’ll be happy to schedule a power steering service checkup!


While leaks can occur within the power steering system, a tip can help troubleshoot. The simple thing you can do is not to hold the steering fully turned for more than 10 seconds as this puts a lot of stress on the system.

So, to recap, here again are the average costs to repair or replace various components of your power steering system:

  • Power steering pump repair:  $200 a $350
  • Replace power steering pump:  $400 a $800
  • Replace the power steering reservoir:  $ 150 a $ 250
  • Power steering hose repair:  $10
  • Replace the power steering hose:  $180 a $460
  • Power Steering Rack and Pinion Repair:  $ 500 a $ 1,000

We hope the article about the power steering fluid reservoir and the related information is helpful to you. If you have any questions, please let us one on our website Auto Oil And Fluid!



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