TIPP-OIL Dexron D II is a very high quality transmission fluid for automatic transmissions of all vehicles and machines.
TIPP-OIL Dexron D II is manufactured on the basis of highly refined mineral oils with the appropriate additives. It has been specially developed for the specified specifications and applications.
TIPP-OIL Dexron D II meets maximum lubrication and wear protection through special additives.
TIPP-OIL Dexron D II was developed for use in automatic transmissions, power steering systems, converters and power transmissions and can be used as a universal ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluid) for all vehicles and machines.
TIPP-OIL Dexron D II is recommended when a Dexron DII type ATF is to be used according to the manufacturer’s specifications. The instructions for use of the vehicle and engine manufacturer must be observed.
GM Dexron D II
TIPP-OIL Dexron D II is field proven and proven on units with fill regulations:
M2C-138 CJ, 166H, 185A,
MAN 339 Type Z-1,
MB 236.6, 236.7,
ZF TE-ML 03D, 04D, 11A, 14A, 17C, 05L
Features and benefits:
Reliable protection against wear, sludge, build-up and corrosion
Stable and excellent viscosity-temperature behavior No
problems at very low and very high temperatures No
foam even under the heaviest
loads Extraordinarily high thermal load capacity
Miscible and compatible with All ATF Brands
Neutral Behavior Toward Seal Materials
Selecting the Right Automatic Transmission
Fluid Selecting the right Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) can be a tricky proposition. It’s not always clear if a specific ATF is right for your vehicle. Because using the wrong one can damage the transmission, it’s important to get the right one. Therefore, a little background information may be helpful.
Automatic transmission fluids have specific viscosities, coefficients of friction, and additives. ATFs are designed to work with specific automatic transmission designs. They are not all the same. Also, if your vehicle is still under warranty, using a fluid that is not approved by the vehicle manufacturer will void the transmission warranty.
Car companies develop automatic transmission fluids, or at least set specifications for them. But car companies don’t make ATF. The oil companies run that. They manufacture ATF according to a recipe of base oils and additives established by the car company and licensed to the oil company. The license fee also allows the oil company to use the automaker’s proprietary ATF brand. The most common names are Dexron, Mercon, and ATF+4, which are brands of fluids from General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler, respectively.
However, auto manufacturers typically stop licensing old ATF formulations after a new ATF has been introduced. In recent years, all major auto manufacturers have introduced fully synthetic ATFs, replacing the previously used conventional-based ATFs. Vehicles originally delivered with the old ATF formulation can usually use the new ATF instead. Or, the old ATF can be replaced with a fluid that an oil company says meets the standards originally set by the automaker for the old ATF formula.
However, when oil companies make old-formula ATFs, they try to keep it simple. Instead of using the precise formula originally set by the car manufacturer, oil companies try to make a fluid that meets the original specifications of several different manufacturers. These are “multi-vehicle” ATFs. A typical example is a fluid that claims to meet the specifications of Dexron III and Mercon V.
Unfortunately, as a customer, it is very difficult to assess whether a particular multi-vehicle ATF is, in fact, suitable for a specific vehicle. With a currently licensed fluid, you know it will perform properly because it is manufactured to the precise standards of the auto company. But multi-vehicle ATFs are manufactured to standards chosen by the oil company, and representations about ATF quality and applications are based on their own testing, not the vehicle manufacturer’s. Also, some of the advertising is simply not accurate.
Over the years, the various Dexron and Mercon formulations were also adopted by other automobile manufacturers as a specification for their automatic transmissions. Also, because Dexron and Mercon were so similar, these fluids were considered interchangeable.
However, this has given rise to the nasty habit among some oil companies of claiming that their Dexron/Mercon ATF specification can be used on a whole list of vehicles made by manufacturers other than General Motors and Ford, often for the simple reason that once upon a time some time some model made by that company used Dexron/Mercon.
For example, Valvoline states in its promotional materials that its DEX-MERC MaxLife ATF “is recommended for use in GM, Ford, Mazda, Toyota, Chrysler, and most import vehicles.” Notice that they omitted the word “all”. If you put MaxLife in a vehicle that is supposed to use Dexron VI or Mercon LV, you have voided the transmission warranty. Also, this Valvoline ATF is essentially a version of the older Dexron III and Mercon ATFs. Since 1998, Chrysler has been using a synthetic ATF, either ATF+4 or ATF+5, which Chrysler specifically says is neither Dexron nor Mercon compatible.
Valvoline’s advertisements state that this fluid is “recommended” for Chrysler products. However, Valvoline’s own “product data sheet” (the data sheet produced for each motor oil and ATF with its specifications, which can be found on the oil company’s website) says that this ATF is recommended. for GM vehicles (using Dexron III), and Ford products (using Mercon) and makes no claim that this fluid is recommended for any Chrysler product, let alone GM Dexron VI or Ford products requiring Mercon LV.
Other oil companies also make overly broad claims for their multi-vehicle ATFs. Quaker State says its Multi-Vehicle ATF is “recommended” for Chrysler, Honda/Acura, Toyota, Nissan, VW/Audi, BMW, Hyundai, Mitsubishi, Mercedes-Benz, Saturn and Jeep vehicles and “suitable” for many more. including GM vehicles and Ford vehicles.
But the product data sheet for that ATF doesn’t mention BMW, Volkswagen, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, or Saturn. Instead, the product data sheet primarily lists applications that use Dexron III or Mercon V. Most BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen, and Audi vehicles do not use Dexron/Mercon-type fluids. Believing that advertising can be a very costly mistake.
Even product data sheets can provide questionable information. Fina’s product data sheet for their “Dexron-III/Mercon ATF” says that it is recommended for “all late model GM…Chrysler and most imported automobiles…automatic transmissions, as well as, ( sic) those in Ford vehicles to order a Mercon fluid”. But again, a Dexron III or Mercon compatible fluid will not be compatible with Chrysler ATF+4 or ATF+5, nor will it be suitable for Dexron VI or Ford LV vehicles. The product data sheet is just plain wrong.
Whenever a multi-vehicle ATF is advertised as being suitable for a long list of vehicles, be suspicious. Most of these fluids are simply versions of Dexron III or Mercon. Unless your car was delivered new with Dexron III (or earlier), Mercon, or Mercon V fluid, you should be sure to check the product data sheet for any multi-vehicle ATF before using it. If you have any doubt that Dexron III or Mercon are right for your car, don’t risk using a multivehicle fluid.
There are also a couple of other complications. Your GM car may take Toyota transmission fluid or Honda transmission fluid. Your BMW could take the same ATF as your neighbor’s Audi. Heck, your new BMW could use Dexron VI. The Pontiac Vibe is actually equipped with a Toyota transmission, and the Saturn Vue has several models with Honda transmissions. BMW buys its newest automatic from General Motors. Audi, BMW, Jaguar and Volkswagen buy transmissions from ZF, a German transmission company.
So to select the right ATF for your car, start with your owner’s manual. The manual will state the recommended ATF, as of the time the car was new. With that starting point, here’s a list of transmission fluids that are or have been on the market and what replaced what:
Type A and Type A, Suffix A: Very old transmission fluids replaced by Dexron and Mercon. Equivalent to Mercedes-Benz Sheet 232.2.
Dexron, Dexron II, IID, and Dexron IIE – These are the original GM Dexron ATFs and are no longer licensed by the company, having been replaced by Dexron III, which has now been replaced by Dexron VI. The difference between Dexron, II and IIE was mainly in the oxidation inhibitors.
Dexron III and IIIH—OE ATF at GM for many years and widely adopted by other manufacturers. General Motors now considers all of them obsolete and discontinued the license for Dexron IIIH in 2006. Dexron IV was an improved version of Dexron III, which GM used only briefly.
Dexron III/Saturn: A version of Dexron III developed for certain Saturn models.
Dexron VI – GM’s newest ATF, was developed specifically for the new six-speed automatic transmission and is a synthetic blend (meaning it has some conventional base oils in it). That transmission has tighter internal tolerances and requires a fluid that has a higher shear resistance than Dexron III.
It was introduced with the 2006 models. GM considers Dexron VI to be “backwards compatible”, which means that GM recommends it for use in any vehicle that originally used an older version of Dexron and can be mixed with them. However, GM specifically recommends against using Dexron VI in non-GM vehicles that used Dexron III as original equipment. It is also the ATF specified in certain non-GM models that use GM transmissions, such as BMW. However, it is not specified for GM brand vehicles that have non-GM transmissions, as mentioned above, or that are imported into the United States.
NOTE: Dexron VI is not recommended for: Pontiac Vibe and Wave, Chevy Aveo, Epica and Equinox, Saturn ION with CVT or AF23 transmission, Saturn Vue with CVT, AF33 or 5AT transmission, or 1991–2002 Saturn S. These are vehicles with transmissions that were not made by General Motors.
Ford Type F – a former ATF first introduced in 1967 and used on all Ford products before 1977 and some up to 1980; it was also used in various import vehicles of the time, including the Mercury Capri, Jaguar, Mazda, Saab, Toyota, and Volvo. Type F is not compatible with any other ATF. Specifically, it is not compatible with Mercon ATF.
Ford Type H – Developed for the Ford C5 automatic transmission introduced in 1981, it has been superseded by Mercon. Type H is not compatible with Type F and should not be used in a transmission that requires Type F.
Ford Type CJ – Originally designed for the Ford C6 automatic transmission, has also been superseded by Mercon and can also be replaced with Mercon V, but should never be used in a transmission that requires Type F. Dexron II is an approved alternative to Type CJ.
Mercon – Introduced in 1987 and similar to Dexron II. Ford stopped licensing Mercon in 2007 and now recommends Mercon V for all transmissions previously using Mercon. Mercon is a suitable replacement for Type H and Type CJ fluid, but not Type F.
Mercon V: The most common Ford ATF in late model Fords, it is very similar to Dexron III. Not for use in a transmission that requires Ford Type F.
Mercon LV: The latest Ford ATF, factory-filled on 2008 and newer Fords. The LV stands for “low viscosity.” It is a fully synthetic ATF. It is not compatible with previous Mercon fluids and should not be mixed with Mercon or Mercon V to replace those fluids. It is also not compatible with any other fluid.
Mercon SP – A version of Mercon V with an improved additive package.
Mercon CVT: Ford ATF developed it specifically for models with continuously variable transmissions.
Chrysler 7176: Chrysler fluid now obsolete for front-wheel drive vehicles.
Chrysler ATF+2, also called 7176 D, first used in 1997, added rust protection and better cold weather flow than 7176.
Chrysler ATF+3, also called 7176E, designed for four-speed automatic transmissions, uses higher quality base oils for greater strength than ATF+2. It should always be used on minivans made by Chrysler from 1999 and earlier, rather than later versions of Chrysler ATF.
Chrysler ATF+4, also called ATE: A synthetic ATF introduced in 1998, should always be used in any vehicle where ATF+4 is specified. It can be used in Chrysler vehicles built in earlier years, except pre-2000 minivans, which use the 41TE/AE transmission. It is not compatible with Dexron or Mercon fluids.
Chrysler ATF+5: Synthetic ATF used on 2002 and newer models, not compatible with Dexron or Mercon fluids.
Audi: Mainly uses automatic transmissions made by ZF and where ZF specifies Esso LT 71141, which is sold under the VW/Audi part number. It is also used in certain BMW models.
BMW automatic transmissions are made by General Motors or by ZF. Most GM automatic transmissions use Dexron III, although some use Texaco ETL or Texaco ETL 7045. Newer GM-built six-speed automatics use Dexron VI. Some of the ZF transmissions also use Dextron III, but most don’t. These use, depending on the model, Texaco ETL 7045E, Texaco ETL 8072B, Esso LT71141 or Shell LA2634. Each of these fluids is sold by BMW dealers.
Honda ATF-Z1 – Specified by Honda for its automatic transmissions, other than CVT models.
Honda Continuously Variable Transmission Fluid—Honda ATF for CVT vehicles. Introduced in 1996, Honda discontinued it for a while, recommending ATF-Z1 instead. Honda later reverted to this fluid for CVT applications.
Jaguar JLM 20238 – This is Esso LT 71141, specified by the transmission manufacturer, ZF, and sold under a Jaguar part number. It is also specified for certain VW, Audi and BMW models.
Kia SP-II and SP-III: Kia liquid.
Mazda Type T-IV: Recommended for some Mazda vehicles and available from dealer only.
Mazda Type M5V: Recommended for some Mazda vehicles and available from dealer only.
Mercedes-Benz ATF no. A 001 989 2203 – This is Esso LT 71141 specified for certain automatic transmissions manufactured by ZF and sold under a Mercedes-Benz part number. Also sold under BMW, Audi, Volkswagen and Jaguar part numbers.
Mercedes-Benz Sheet 236.2 – A Mercedes-Benz specification for ATF Type A, suffix A, superseded by Sheet 236.6.
Mercedes-Benz Sheet 236.6 and 236.7: Mercedes-Benz specifications for its version of Dexron II and IID. This is not a specific brand, but simply a manufacturer’s specification.
Mercedes-Benz Sheet 236.1 and 236.5: Mercedes-Benz’s specification for their version of Dexron III.
Mercedes-Benz Sheet 236.10—Mercedes-Benz Synthetic Fluid Specification. Superseded by Folio 236.12.
Mercedes-Benz 236.12 Sheet – This is Mercedes-Benz synthetic fluid designed for the newer 7-speed automatic transmissions and is backward compatible with all Mercedes-Benz models. A specification, not a branded product. However, Mercedes-Benz sells its “Mercedes-Benz Synthetic Automatic Transmission Fluid” at a retail price of $10 per quart, which meets this specification.
Mercedes-Benz Sheet 236.20 – This is the Mercedes-Benz ATF specification for vehicles with continuously variable transmissions. Suggested retail price is $10 per room.
Mitsubishi Diamond SP-II and SP-III: Mitsubishi fluid.
Nissan Matic C: Nissan fluid, which is Dexron II, replaced by Nissan Matic D.
Nissan Matic D: A Nissan fluid, which is Dexron III.
Nissan Matic J: Factory specified for certain Nissan models.
Nissan Matic K: Factory specified for certain Nissan models.
Porsche ATF #999 917 547 00 – Again, Esso LT 71141, specified because a ZF transmission is used and sold with a Porsche part number.
Toyota Types T, T-II and T-III: Toyota ATF, which have now been superseded by the Type T-IV.
Toyota Type T-IV—Toyota fluid specified for Toyota and Lexus vehicles. Sold only at Toyota or Lexus dealerships or online. Replaces types I, II and III. It is also used in Pontiac Vibe (which has a Toyota powertrain).
Toyota Type TV: Low viscosity synthetic Toyota ATF, also used in Lexus vehicles.
Toyota WS – This is the newer Toyota fluid and is also a lower viscosity fluid than Type T-IV. The “WS” stands for “world standard”. It is also used in Lexus vehicles.
Volkswagen: Mainly uses automatic transmissions made by ZF and specifying Esso LT 71141, which is sold under a VW/Audi part number. (Also used on certain BMW models.)
Volvo Automatic Transmission Fluid: Use only on those models that indicate on the transmission dipstick “Use Volvo Fluid Only”.
Technical Service Bulletin – Transmission Fluid Guide
Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) – is a requirement of a transmission such as valve operation, brake band and torque converter friction, as well as gear lubrication For automatic transmissions or synchronized automatic transmissions. It is usually colored red or green to distinguish it from motor oil and other fluids in the vehicle. This Technical Service Bulletin is designed to provide basic information on different transmission fluids past and present.
General Purpose Transmission Fluids: Xtreme Type A ATF, Unimark Type F ATF
Type A Transmission Fluid: Type A transmission fluid was introduced in the mid-1950s for use in all makes of vehicle automatic transmissions from General Motors. Type A was used until the mid-1960s and was later revised to Type A, suffix A.
Type F Transmission Fluid: Ford Motor and Toyota introduced Type F transmission in 1967 as the equivalent of General’s Type A transmission fluid. Motors. The change was slightly more noticeable than with General Motor fluids, which include the original Dexron and later variations
Dexron: General Motors original ATF for automatic transmission fluids, usually covered as Type F transmission
fluid. multipurpose automatic transmission: Unimark Multipurpose D-III/M ATF
Most lubricant manufacturers use this generic term for their automatic transmission fluid that meets the earlier General Motors Dexron III and Ford Mercon specifications, which are no longer licensable by GM and Ford respectively.
Dexron II – General Motors Dexron II was developed in the 1970s to replace GM Dexron for TorqueFlite transmissions to provide better viscosity control and additional oxidation inhibitors. There were some early 1990s variants of Dexron II called Dexron II-D and Dexron II-E.
Dexron IIE: General Motors’ first requirement fluid for electronic transmissions.
Mercon Type CJ: This is a special transmission fluid for Ford C-6 transmissions. It is similar in design to the General Motors Dexron II specification. This type of drive train fluid should not be used in automatic systems that require type F. It can be replaced with Mercon specification or Mercon V.
Mercon Type H: An outdated Ford specification that differs from General transmission fluids Dexron and Ford Type F engines. May be superseded by Mercon or Mercon V specification.
Ford Mercon: Ford fluid introduced in 1987, very similar to Dexron II. Effective July 1, 2007, Ford’s production and licensing of Mercon ATF ends.
Dexron III (H): Replaced General Motor Dexron II released in 2003 for use in the Torque Flite transmission. This specification called for better rust and corrosion control in GM electronic automatics.
Dexron III/Saturn: A special fluid specification for Saturn aluminum differential case transmissions.
C-4 Torque Fluid: GM’s Allison Division trade designation for heavy-duty and medium-duty automatic transmission fluids. Based on Allison’s 1991 TES-389 specification; Allison Transmission implemented one of the first approval systems for private brands. Allison Division no longer supports this specification. General Motors Dexron III or Ford Mercon fluids sold today qualify for the specification requirements.
Unimark Global Multi-Purpose ATF Automatic Transmission Fluid
A generic term for fluid that will meet individual automatic transmission requirements of most manufacturers in North American, Asian, and European automobiles that do not require a “low-grade” fluid. goo”.
Dexron-VI: Introduced in 2006 for GM Hydra-Matic 6L80 6-speed rear-wheel drive transmissions. Dexron VI replaced Dexron II and III and can be used in General Motors import or domestically made transmissions that have specified Dexron II or Dexron III. Dexron VI is a low viscosity transmission fluid and should also be used with the Low Viscosity Full Synthetic Transmission Fluid.
Mercon V: Introduced in 1997 to replace Ford Mercon for Ranger, Explorer V6, and Aerostar, and 1998-later Windstar, Taurus/Sable, and Continental. This is the current automatic transmission fluid covered by Ford TSB 06144 for most late model Ford products requiring high viscosity requirements.
Mercon SP: Improved friction modified automatic transmission fluid based on Mercon V for Ford Torq Shift transmissions covered by Ford TSB 06144.
Mitsubishi Diamond SP-II and SP-Ill: Specially formulated ATF for Mitsubishi, also Hyundai and Kia transmissions.
Nissan HP/J-Matic: Special formulation for Nissan, Infiniti and some Subaru transmissions.
Toyota Type T, T-III, T-IV: Specially formulated ATF for Toyota, Lexus and Scion transmissions.
Genuine Honda ZL ATF: Special automatic transmission fluid for Honda automatic transmissions, except CVT application.
BMW LT7114l or LA2634: Special formula for BMW transmissions.
Syngard ATF+4 Multi-Vehicle Automatic Transmission Fluid
Chrysler ATF+4 (ATE): Introduced in 1998, ATF+4 transmission fluid is a fully synthetic fluid that replaces the earlier ATF+3 fluid. Primarily used on 2000 and 2001 to present vehicles, may also be used in earlier Chrysler transmissions (except 1999 and older minivans with 41TE/AE transmission). ATF+3 should continue to be used for 1999 and earlier minivans due to the potential for torque converter shudder during break-in.
Chrysler 7176: Special automatic transmission fluid for Chrysler FWD transaxles.
Chrysler 7176D (ATF+2): Requirements for Chrysler 7176 automatic transmission fluid were established in 1997; Chrysler added improved cold temperature flow and oxidation resistance.
Chrysler 7176E (ATF+3): Revision of Chrysler 7176D automatic transmission fluid required for four-speed automatic transmissions that added better shear stability and the use of higher quality base oils.
Transmission Fluids Fleet Automatic Transmission Fluid: SynGard Fleet Heavy Duty ATF: Refers to a PAO-based, fully synthetic fluid designed to meet the extended drain requirements of Allison Corporation specification TES-295.
Dual Clutch Transmission – No Current Martin Lubricant Available – A special fluid originally used by Daimler Benz in transmissions that have dual clutch plate design transmissions for trouble free shifting. Traditional transmission fluids are not suitable for use in this application.
Full Synthetic CVT Transmission Fluid: SynGard CVT ATF: A special transmission fluid for use in transmissions that have chain or belt driven continuously variable shift transmissions. It is now used by all OEM vehicle manufacturers, but is commonly found in Nissan, Toyota, Honda/Acura, Mitsubishi, Chrysler, Subaru, and Mini Cooper vehicles. Traditional transmission fluids are not suitable for use in this application.
Low Viscosity Multi-Vehicle Automatic Transmission: SynGard Dex VI/LV ATF: Ford ATF published specification for factory fill and Motorcraft service fill for 2008 model years. LV stands for “Low Viscosity” and is a fully automatic transmission fluid. Synthetic with excellent low temperature properties. It is not compatible with previous Mercon fluids and should not be substituted or mixed with Mercon or Mercon V. This fluid meets the General Motors Dexron VI specification and should be recommended for General Motors six-speed transmissions that require this specification.
Full Synthetic Fleet Manual Transmission Fluid – SynGard SAE 50 Manual Transmission Fluid – Design requirements for use in heavy duty truck manual truck transmissions such as Eaton Road-Ranger, Meritor, which require SAE 50 viscosity grade fluids with extended drain capability.
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